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Esther Bible Study Lesson

Are you read to dive into a short but impactful Esther Bible study lesson?

Who was Esther in the Bible?

Esther’s story is a tale of courage, identity, and triumph over adversity.

But her faith left a lasting legacy that continues to inspire and impact generations of believers.

Let’s dive in and read all about Esther and what we can learn from her amazing and powerful story.

The Story of Esther in the Bible Summary

The story of Esther recounts a profound episode of faith, courage, and divine intervention, set against the backdrop of the Persian Empire under King Xerxes (Ahasuerus).

This story celebrates how Esther, a Jewish girl who rose to become the queen of Persia, played a pivotal role in saving her people from destruction.

Raised by her cousin Mordecai after becoming an orphan, Esther finds favor in the eyes of King Xerxes and becomes his queen, though her Jewish heritage remains secret.

The plot thickens with the rise of Haman, the king’s advisor, who harbors intense animosity towards Mordecai and the Jewish people. Driven by his hatred, Haman convinces the king to issue a decree that threatens the extermination of all Jews within the empire.

When Mordecai learns of this decree, he turns to Esther for help, urging her to reveal her identity to the king and plead for her people’s safety.

Despite the grave danger of approaching the king unbidden—a crime punishable by death—Esther responds with faith and determination. She calls for all Jews in Susa to join her in a three-day fast, seeking divine guidance and support.

With courage bolstered by prayer and fasting, Esther approaches King Xerxes, inviting him and Haman to a series of banquets.

It is at the second banquet that Esther reveals her Jewish identity and exposes Haman’s malicious plot against her people. Outraged by the betrayal, King Xerxes orders Haman to be executed on the very gallows Haman had prepared for Mordecai.

In a dramatic turn of events, Esther and Mordecai are given the king’s permission to draft a new decree, allowing the Jews to defend themselves against their enemies.

The Jews emerge victorious, and the day of their deliverance becomes the Festival of Purim, a time of joyous celebration that honors Esther’s faith, bravery, and the miraculous salvation of God’s people.

Through Esther’s story, we witness the power of faith in God to deliver and protect.

Her example encourages believers to stand firm in their convictions, trusting in God’s sovereign plan and timing, even when faced with seemingly insurmountable challenges.

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Bible Study Questions about Esther

To study the story of Esther in the Bible, you can focus on several key passages that highlight her journey, challenges, and faith. Here is an outline of what happens in the book of Esther.

  • Esther Becomes Queen:
    • Esther 2:1-17: The story of how Esther is chosen to be queen after Queen Vashti is deposed.
  • Mordecai Uncovers a Plot:
    • Esther 2:21-23: Mordecai, Esther’s cousin and guardian, uncovers a plot to assassinate King Ahasuerus and informs him through Esther, saving the king’s life.
  • Haman’s Plot Against the Jews:
    • Esther 3:1-15: Haman, angered by Mordecai’s refusal to bow to him, convinces King Ahasuerus to issue a decree to destroy all the Jews in the empire.
  • Esther’s Plan and Request for a Fast:
    • Esther 4: Mordecai asks Esther to intercede with the king on behalf of the Jews. Esther requests that all Jews in Susa fast for three days before she approaches the king.
  • Esther’s Banquets and Haman’s Anger:
    • Esther 5: Esther invites the king and Haman to two banquets, increasing Haman’s ire against Mordecai.
  • Mordecai is Honored:
    • Esther 6: The king learns of Mordecai’s earlier service and honors him, which Haman is forced to carry out.
  • Esther Reveals Haman’s Plot:
    • Esther 7: At the second banquet, Esther reveals her Jewish identity and Haman’s plot to the king.
  • The Jews are Saved:
    • Esther 8: King Ahasuerus allows Esther and Mordecai to write a decree permitting the Jews to defend themselves. They defeat their enemies, and Haman is executed.
  • The Establishment of Purim:
    • Esther 9: The Jewish people celebrate their deliverance, and the festival of Purim is established.
  • Mordecai’s Advancement:
    • Esther 10: Mordecai is advanced to a position of high authority, and his and Esther’s deeds are recorded.

Here are some insightful study questions to help you better understand the story of Esther and her journey of faith.

  1. What are the circumstances that lead to Esther becoming queen of Persia?
  2. Discuss Esther’s relationship with her cousin Mordecai. How does this relationship influence her actions throughout the story?
  3. What are the key challenges and risks Esther faces in approaching King Ahasuerus without being summoned?
  4. Examine Haman’s role and his plot against the Jews. How does this conflict drive the narrative?
  5. How does Esther’s identity as a Jew affect her decisions and actions as queen?
  6. Discuss Esther’s strategy in revealing Haman’s plot to the king. What qualities does she demonstrate through her approach?
  7. What role does Mordecai play in the story, particularly in relation to Esther and King Ahasuerus?
  8. How does the theme of reversal play out in the story of Esther?
  9. What is the significance of the institution of the festival of Purim as a result of the events in the book of Esther?
  10. How does the story of Esther contribute to our understanding of God’s providence and care for His people, even when He is not mentioned explicitly?
Free Esther Bible Study Lesson

Reflection Questions for Esther Bible Study

Let’s now dive into some reflection questions to help you better apply lessons from her life to your own:

  1. Reflect on a time when you had to make a difficult decision that required courage, like Esther. What guided your decision, and what was the outcome?
  2. Considering Esther’s journey from a relatively passive character to a decisive leader, how does her story inspire you in your own personal growth and development?
  3. Esther’s identity plays a crucial role in her story. How does your own identity influence your choices and actions in challenging situations?
  4. How does Esther’s story encourage you to act for the welfare of your community, even when it involves personal risk?
  5. Reflect on the concept of providence in the story of Esther. How does recognizing God’s hand in your life, even in subtle ways, affect your faith and actions?
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Download (free) the list of Bible passages and the study/reflection questions so you can keep them handy during your Bible Study time.

If you’d like to take a deeper dive into her story, be sure to checkout my full Esther Bible Study Journal and Workbook!

Want to learn about more amazing women of the Bible: Here are some additional study lessons:

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